Is there a term used to refer to the following parts of these sentences (in bold):

Look out for the car travelling at high speed.

Catch me coming in hot.

I'm not sure if these can be considered adjectival clauses or if there's a better terminology for it.

  • @EdwinAshworth Is there a difference between a relative clause (that's had it's whiz deleted?) and a participial clause? This question (that was linked by John in his answer) seems to be more of a duplicate but the answers don't refer to it as a participial clause which I feel is a more common term than whiz-deletion (based off just google searches), but I don't really know though, I don't have much linguistics background. – eugenhu Mar 15 '18 at 11:46
  • 2
    Whiz-deletion has (according to some analyses) led to the whotsit here. 'travelling at high speed' was classically called a participle phrase, then re-analysed as a participle/participial clause. Look at @BillJ's answer here for the CGEL approach. / Look up the terms here on ELU; this has been covered many times. You can also cover the basics at say ThoughtCo. – Edwin Ashworth Mar 15 '18 at 12:01

In the first sentence, it functions as an adjective (answering the question which car to look for). It is referred to as a participial phrase.



As to whether it is better to call it an adjectival phrase or a participial phrase, I would pick the latter since both its adjectival role and verbal category are specified.

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