5

Once upon a time, queer simply meant strange*.

Then it came to be used as a derogatory term for homosexual (adjective or noun).

Later it came to be worn as a badge of honor by the Lesbian/gay community, as an umbrella term. My gay and Lesbian friends proudly included themselves under the "queer" banner.

As the TFD Collins dictionary notes:

Although the term queer meaning homosexual is still considered highly offensive when used by non-homosexuals, it is often used by homosexuals themselves as a positive term, as in queer politics, queer cinema.

I kind of understood it up to this point, the point where there were only four initials in "LGBT". If someone was queer it meant they were covered by one of those letters.

Now we see "LGBTQ" and other variations. I've polled my gay friends again about the "Q" and haven't received a consistent response about what it means. In fact, responses are all over the map. (N.B. Sometimes there also seems to be an "I" category now as well, but we'll call that out of scope for the purposes of this query.) A few have said the "Q" simply means "questioning," but they admit that it also means genderqueer and a few other variations (the distinctions of which are unclear, at least to me).

Now I see it being used in a somewhat different way in Stack Overflow's Developer Survey Results 2018.

https://insights.stackoverflow.com/survey/2018/?utm_source=Iterable&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=dev-survey-2018-promotion#developer-profile-sexual-orientation

The second category says it covers the "Bisexual or Queer" group. What, I want to know, is that?

  • Is it distinct from gay or Lesbian? If so, why? Has "queer" as a banner term been appropriated by another group, or been jettisoned by the larger LGBT community?
  • Does it have something to do with bisexuality? If not, why is it grouped there?
  • Does it mean something else? If so, what?

*Purists, pedants and prudes may not like it, but words do change meaning over time. For example, "cheap" now means inexpensive or shoddy or tawdry where originally it simply referred to a market, or a transaction at one. I feel strange nowadays using queer to mean strange or odd, so much so that when I mention Haldane's famous quotation, "Now my own suspicion is that the Universe is not only queerer than we suppose, but queerer than we can suppose," I will usually change "queer" to "strange" in order to prevent digressions, snickers, and jokes.

7

This answer is based almost entirely on my own experience as a gay man in his late twenties in the UK, so sorry for the lack of references. You will see many other interpretations of the terms you've asked about, so take any view with a pinch of salt.

First of all, let me say that there are many variations on the "LGBT" acronym, and there's always disagreement on it within the LGBT community. It's been changing for as long as I've known it. On the whole, the trend seems to be that it becomes more inclusive of different groups as time goes on. Here are a few letters you might see in it, and some of their meanings:

L = lesbian
G = gay
B = bisexual
T = trans (sometimes transgender, sometimes transsexual)
Q = queer (or questioning)
I = intersex
U = undetermined, undecided
A = asexual (sometimes ally)
N = non-binary

The most common acronyms are probably LGBT, LGBTQ, and LGBT+ (where the + is a catchall for other groups). The most complicated variation I've seen used semi-seriously is "QUILTBAG".

Here's some more information about how the acronym has expanded (which includes some terms I haven't associated with the acronym before and so haven't mentioned above): https://www.pinknews.co.uk/2017/11/06/how-has-the-lgbt-acronym-evolved/

I'm going to use LGBT+ throughout this answer as a general term.

Now to answer your specific questions:

Is it distinct from gay or Lesbian? If so, why?

It can be. Some people don't feel that they fit into labels like lesbian or gay, for a number of possible reasons, including:

  1. These terms are narrow, and are typically understood as narrow categories for exclusively gay people (i.e. men who are exclusively romantically interested in men, or women exclusively romantically interested in women). Some people may feel that their sexual orientation does not fit neatly into one of these categories.

  2. They disagree with the idea of narrow labels, so prefer a more all-encompassing term. For example, Some people feel that dividing and subdividing the LGBT+ community is unhelpful, perhaps because they feel that solidarity within a minority group is important, so they choose a label that connects the members of the group rather than dividing them into separate camps.

  3. They don't agree with some of the connotations of these terms. Gay and lesbian have been used as the primary terms for homosexual men and women for some time now, and have a set of deeply rooted connotations based on their use, the portrayal of "gay" and "lesbian" people in media, etc. Some people may not want to be associated with those connotations, and prefer to choose a term that has different connotations (or, for many people, fewer deeply formed connotations), which they perceive to more closely fit their identity.

...and no doubt many other reasons besides those three.

Has "queer" as a banner term been appropriated by another group, or been jettisoned by the larger LGBT community?

Not that I'm aware of. However, many LGBT+ people don't identify as queer and don't use the term queer to refer to the LGBT+ community, which is part of why you'll often see it omitted or see other terms instead.

My impression is that it's gaining acceptance as an umbrella term for LGBT+, but has yet to achieve widespread acceptance and adoption.

Does it have something to do with bisexuality? If not, why is it grouped there?

Some people who are attracted to both men and women might identify as queer in addition to or in preference to identifying as bisexual. It may be more common among bisexual people because the term 'bisexual' has negative connotations or evokes stereotypes among some people, even within the LGBT+ community (for example, some people hold the view that bisexuality doesn't really exist, that bisexuals are just gay people who won't admit it, that bisexuality means being equally interested in men and women, etc.) For this reason, people may prefer a term that they consider to have fewer such connotations, and may prefer queer.

However, I think it's odd that they grouped bisexual and queer together in one answer. Most people wouldn't equate these two things as being the same, and some people might be offended by the idea of lumping different terms into one category.

Does it mean something else? If so, what?

Hopefully the above has already explained this. Some people would say that queer can refer generally to any of the things I've mentioned above (all of the LGBTQIUAN+ identities) and probably to some other identities that I've forgotten to include.

Finally, to give you some real authority, rather than just my opinion, here's how Stonewall defines queer in their online glossary:

Queer – in the past a derogatory term for LGBT individuals. The term has now been reclaimed by LGBT young people in particular who don’t identify with traditional categories around gender identity and sexual orientation but is still viewed to be derogatory by some.

-- Stonewall's Glossary of terms

You may find some of the other definitions in that glossary interesting too.

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    I feel obliged to point out that QUILTBAG doesn't include the 'N' for non-binary and therefore people should change to using QUILTBANG. – Hellion Mar 13 '18 at 17:09
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    I was never a fan of QUILTBAG, but I feel like QUILTBANG is something I can get on board with. – Tom Mar 13 '18 at 17:20
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    Good answer. Don't feel bad for the lack of "references." Sometimes no clickable references exist for a subject, and even though the hidebound protocol of this site may frown on unclickable intelligence, surely the testimony of a careful observer from a member of the milieu involved ought to be worth more than a standard dictionary citation, especially since dictionaries, even online ones, simply cannot keep up with rapidly mutating usages we encounter today. So you yourself are a reference, and a valuable one. – Robusto Mar 13 '18 at 20:13
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The Green’s Dictionary of Slang suggests it is mainly used referring to male homosexual:

Queer:

  1. [1910s+] a homosexual, usually male, occasionally female.

but it may refer also to heterosexual people:

  1. [1950s] (US Und.) a heterosexual who enjoys non-standard sexual practices.

The following extract traces the history and evolution in usage of the term queer and concludes that:

Modern youth have grown up in a more accepting society that celebrates inclusivity and views ‘queer’ as a useful umbrella term to describe all non-binary identities, whereas an older generation came of age in a society which saw the term only as a slur.

It seems that social opinion is still divided – some see it as a dirty word, whereas others see it as progressive. Personally, I’m in favour of reclaiming ‘queer’ once and for all, primarily because it highlights that the vast spectrum of identity isn’t as basic as mere homosexuality; we need trans voices, intersex voices and asexual voices.

Terminology is an issue that will never disappear – the key, as always, is context and discussion. If someone’s offended by the word, respect it. There will always be those amongst us that recoil in horror at the word, but there’s also a new generation reclaiming it in the same spirit as the rebellious punks of the 1980s – those of us who boldly state that we’re here, we’re queer and we will not live in fear.

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