I was studying about the uses of that where I stumbled upon this common mistake pertinent to the use of 'that'.
The goalkeeper blocked two penalty kicks in the second half, and that made his team win the match.
This usage of that is wrong as 'that' can't refer to an action, such as blocking penalty kicks.
But the same resource says that the following example is correct.
Cicero lampooned Mark Antony in a series of orations, the Philippics and Antony later used that as the excuse to execute him.
The site mentions that here 'that' refers to ' a series' and not the lampooning.
Query #1. Can 'which' (which is also used to refer to a whole clause or sentence) be used in the first sentence?
Query #2. Though the writer says that in the Cicero's example, 'that' is referring to ' a series' but it appears to me that 'that' is referring to the 'lampooning'. How can we correctly resolve such problems (in such questions)?
The site referred to as the resource here is :https://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-sentence-correction-the-many-uses-of-that/