Can anyone please advise what is the name of a verb which is used as a prefix to a noun to make that noun more specific.. Examples.. Roasting pan,
Thanks for your time
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First off, the
-ing form is not always a verb. Second, it doesn't act as a
prefix in your examples.
Most of your examples use participles (an -ing form used as an adjective).
Participles have various uses in a sentence. One use of a participle is simply as an adjective:
A broken window. A fallen tree. An interesting book.
However, seeing that you also mentioned
assault rifle, in case you're looking for a word that describes modifiers like these, I suggest
A word or phrase, especially an adjective, used to attribute a quality to another word, especially a noun. [Oxford]
An example to illustrate:
PHOEBE: No you can't quit college! No! You're in college? Really?
FRANK: Yeah, refrigerator college.
(Frank used a qualifier to make his point clearer)