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I cannot find a good equivalent of the Russian "Watchman's syndrome" in English. It refers to someone who thinks he's very important, but isn't.

For example, this guy has "Watchman's syndrome":

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This expression is often used in Russian IT.

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    Please edit in the literal translation. I'm guessing that's "Watchman Syndrome" but you need to confirm that. What is the origin of this phrase? If it's recent popular culture that may give us a head start. – Spencer Feb 24 '18 at 13:47
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    Please see the detailed help on translation questions for guidance on this sort of question. – Andrew Leach Feb 24 '18 at 13:59
  • What is the "watchman syndrome" ? I didn't find any examples of it. It is rather "janitor syndrome" , but it just invented by me right now and I'm not sure anyone can understand the meaning. – L.Integra Feb 24 '18 at 14:30
  • btw, it does not have a literal meaning, but all IT guys understand it. – L.Integra Feb 24 '18 at 14:36
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    Google Translate translated (Russian) "вахтера" to "watchman". Another job, like that of a janitor, with lots of responsibility but no prestige or authority. – Spencer Feb 24 '18 at 15:00
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There is no word-for-word translation, and no single word that aptly encompasses the idea, color, and register of the Russian original. Rather, you have to step a bit back and translate your sentence as a whole.

The English equivalent to "у него синдром вахтера" is

That's the tiniest/smallest amount of power I have ever seen go to anyone's head.

This closely matches the Russian idiom in every respect, and is a perfectly idiomatic retort in the situation that you've quoted.

  • ... Adding to list of clever ripostes. – Phil Sweet Oct 27 '18 at 16:05
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I am not aware of any English idiom that closely matches the Russian one you mention. Somewhat similar is the idiomatic set phrase paper tiger, which Merriam-Webster's Eleventh Collegiate Dictionary (2003) defines as follows:

paper tiger n (1850) : one that is outwardly powerful or dangerous but inwardly weak or ineffectual

On the topic of inflated self-regard, Wolfgang Mieder, A Dictionary of American Proverbs (1992) points to several English proverbs that seem on point:

Conceit is nature's gift to small men to make up for that which they don't have.

Conceit is God's gift to little men.

Every man has a right to be conceited until he is successful.

There is also an Aesop's fable that delivers a related moral. From "The Gnat and the Bull," in The Aesop for Children:

A Gnat flew over the meadow with much buzzing for so small a creature and settled on the tip of one of the horns of a Bull. After he had rested a short time, he made ready to fly away. But before he left he begged the Bull's pardon for having used his horn for a resting place.

"You must be very glad to have me go now," he said.

"It's all the same to me," replied the Bull. I did not even know you were there."

[Moral:] We are often of greater importance in our own eyes than in the eyes of our neighbor.

[Alternative moral:] The smaller the mind the greater the conceit.

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The nearest I can think of is delusions of grandeur:

the belief that you are more important or powerful than you really are

This is used as a term in psychology but also informally for someone who is a bit above themselves. The dictionary page gives a few synonyms that might be relevant (eg officious, smart-alec, tin god, throw your weight. around ...)

Close, also, is jobsworth:

someone who always obeys all the rules of their job even when they cause problems for other people or when the rules are silly

This one is, I think, British English (only?)

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Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a personality disorder with a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior characterized by exaggerated feelings of self-importance, an excessive need for admiration, and a lack of empathy

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