I ran into this sentence:

I grew up in a home with two different cultures and as a result, I got to experience firsthand how misunderstandings evolve due to not understanding each other's culture.

These are two independent clauses while the second has an introductory clause. Is that actually possible and do you have to use the comma after "result" then??

  • As Paul suggests, "as a result" is parenthetical and should be set off on BOTH ends by a comma.
    – Hot Licks
    Commented Feb 21, 2018 at 1:57
  • ... Yes, balance is needed. '... as a result ...' doesn't need commas, but here zero punctuation is a non-starter. You could alternatively argue that 'and as a result' is a compound linker linking two independent clauses, and put commas either side of this. Commented Apr 12, 2021 at 15:54

1 Answer 1


The usage you have shown is incorrect.

Anything parenthetical, i.e. anything that can be optionally dropped, needs to be surrounded by commas. In this case there should be a comma after the "and" in order to surround "as a result". British and American comma usage can vary but this is one thing these two cultures are united on.


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