I ran into this sentence:

I grew up in a home with two different cultures and as a result, I got to experience firsthand how misunderstandings evolve due to not understanding each other's culture.

These are two independent clauses while the second has an introductory clause. Is that actually possible and do you have to use the comma after "result" then??

  • As Paul suggests, "as a result" is parenthetical and should be set off on BOTH ends by a comma. – Hot Licks Feb 21 '18 at 1:57

The usage you have shown is incorrect.

Anything parenthetical, i.e. anything that can be optionally dropped, needs to be surrounded by commas. In this case there should be a comma after the "and" in order to surround "as a result". British and American comma usage can vary but this is one thing these two cultures are united on.


so it should be: Tom took too many loans and, as a result, this led to bankruptcy

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  • 1
    This would be more useful if you stuck to the example from the question. – KillingTime yesterday

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