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Consider the following sentence:

Atomania is a rare disorder characterized by multiple episodes of deliberate and purposeful mischief-making and is associated with significant psychosocial dysfunction and legal problems.

Versus:

Atomania is a rare disorder characterized by multiple episodes of deliberate and purposeful mischief-making and associated with significant psychosocial dysfunction and legal problems.

Are both sentences grammatically correct? If so, should “is” be added or removed as a matter of style?

A previous similar question here did not receive a satisfactory response.

  • In some cases you can drop the is (The ball is large and red), but it doesn't sound right here. Not sure if there's an actual rule covering this or it's just because the clauses are long or express unrelated ideas. – Kevin Feb 15 '18 at 23:00
  • They analyse differently. {Atomania is a rare disorder characterized by multiple episodes of deliberate and purposeful mischief-making and associated with significant psychosocial dysfunction and legal problems.} ==> Atomania is a rare disorder [, a rare disorder] {[which is] characterized by multiple episodes of deliberate and purposeful mischief-making} and {[which is] associated with significant psychosocial dysfunction and legal problems}. Not that it makes much difference here. – Edwin Ashworth Feb 15 '18 at 23:02
  • It just needs an Oxford Comma, and possibly the which is that @EdwinAshworth suggest. – Will Crawford Feb 16 '18 at 1:43
  • In this context, what the word “is” is, is simply a reminder to the listening brain that what follows is (parallel to the “rare disorder...” clause) connected to the subject before the first “is”. Ultimately the meaning is the same: [Atomania] is [a rare disorder]; that is [characterized by ...]; and is [associated with ...]. – Will Crawford Feb 16 '18 at 1:48
  • Thank you. @Will Crawford, am I correct to say that the best construction is one of the following? "Atomania is a rare disorder that is characterized by multiple episodes of deliberate and purposeful mischief-making and is associated with significant psychosocial dysfunction and legal problems." versus "Atomania is a rare disorder that is characterized by multiple episodes of deliberate and purposeful mischief-making and which is associated with significant psychosocial dysfunction and legal problems." – Maroon Feb 16 '18 at 2:20

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