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While I was reading a book, I stumbled upon a sentence "I remember the advice he gave to me".

From my understanding, give can be used in two ways.

First. Give + IO + DO. For example, "He gave me an answer."

Second. Give + DO + to IO. For example, "He gave a book to Jane."

So, I thought the correct sentence should be "I remember the advice he gave me" But the sentence includes preposition "to". Which one is right? And why is it?

  • Was that book written by a native speaker? I've seen "softwares" pop up in a lot of places, too. – Vun-Hugh Vaw Feb 10 '18 at 5:52
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    Both are correct and have the same meaning, though most people would not use the PP "to x". Grammatically, there is a difference, though, since PPs cannot be indirect objects. Thus, in "He gave a book to Jane", the PP "to Jane" is not an indirect object, though it is a complement of "gave". By contrast, in "He gave Jane a book", "Jane" is indirect object. – BillJ Feb 10 '18 at 7:48
  • The book is written by a non-native speaker. BillJ, thanks for your comment! So, both are grammatically correct and have the same meaning, but the general form is "He gave me an answer"? – Simba Feb 12 '18 at 7:40
  • Some authors get paid by the word. – Wayfaring Stranger Nov 25 '18 at 2:25
  • I don’t understand the question here. Your understanding is that give can be used in two ways, A and B; and then you ask why B is used here when you thought it should be A. If you know that B is an available option, why do you think it’s incorrect? – Janus Bahs Jacquet Dec 25 '18 at 0:25
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Sometimes the 'to' is necessary to avoid confusion. Bad example: "He gave her it." Was she given to it, or was it given to her? "He gave it to her" is clear. In the imperative, we would not say, "Give me it." "Give it to me, please" is better. I see both "I remember the advice he gave me" and "I remember the advice he gave to me" as perfectly acceptable. I would likely use the former if that was the end of the sentence, but I would probably use the latter if there were more to say: "I remember the advice he gave to me many years ago" or "...to me when I was your age."

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Both uses are correct. In fact, you already answered your own question. You're right, there are two ways of using give in this context. You can either give somebody something, which is your the first use you listed, or give something to somebody, which is the second one. The sentence you saw is using the second way, and you're using the first one. So technically both the sentences are correct. Compare these:

He gave me an advice

And

He gave an advice to me

They're both using a correct usage of the verb "give"

Also, always check a dictionary for different uses of verbs and their prepositions

OALD

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    Maybe your usage of give is correct, but advice is non-count: some advice – Jim Jun 7 '18 at 23:09
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English is an interesting language in that we have one noun case (I'd call it the Dative, on the basis of Latin cases) where we need to unless we invert word order.

This Dative case is when something is to/for someone (when a noun is an indirect object). He spoke to me; He waited for me. This case always uses a preposition with intransitive verbs (verbs that don't admit a direct object), like the ones above. However, with verbs like 'wrote', you can have a direct object like 'it' or 'that', or noun like 'a book'/'a letter'. When we have a Dative with a transitive, you can say either 'He wrote a letter to me' or 'He wrote me a letter' (inverting the word order to get rid of the preposition).

These phrases are perfectly understandable because 'me' doesn't make sense as the object of write. Grammatically, 'me' on its own is the right case, but semantically, it doesn't make sense - how could someone write you?Because of this, the meaning is perfectly understandable.

When you have a phrase like he gave her it, because there is no preposition 'to', a reader assumes the inverted word order and therefore takes it as the thing being given and her as the person receiving it.

Because 'gave' is transitive, in a sentence like 'he gave her it', inversion makes perfect sense. However, if you don't have an object (it), inversion doesn't work - he gave to her cannot become he gave her as a standalone sentence. However, in a compound sentence of multiple clauses, your object might be stated earlier, which allows for omission: "the advice he gave me was good" makes sense because 'the advice' is introduced as the subject of the sentence, and 'he gave me' modifies it as if it were the direct object of 'gave'. Thus the word order is inverted, 'to' is omitted, and finally the direct object 'the advice' is omitted because it is already implied.

To answer your question, "I remember the advice he gave to me" is correct, and "I remember the advice he gave me" is also correct.

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