Is there a hypernym of 'actual' & 'basic' in this usage?
- The actual price can be higher than the basic price because of fees etc.
- The actual weight can be higher than the basic weight because of packaging.
English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
A proper word for 'actual and basic' needs to be based on context. A word that would mean both 'actual and basic' indicates the speaker is expressing a move away from precision, which may be for various contextual reasons. Some words that would fit in various contexts would be:
Declared - Announced formally or officially. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/declare#English Declared might be imprecision resulting from being in a legal context.
Expressed - Conveyed or communicated; made known or explicit https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/express#English Expressed might be imprecision resulting from a conversational context.
Stated - Expressed in a statement; uttered or written. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/stated Stated might be imprecision from a debate or political context.
Supposed - Presumed to be true, but without proof https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/supposed Supposed might be in a context where the imprecision is acknowledged.
Nominal - Existing in name only. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/nominal Nominal might be in a technical context where precision has been lost somehow or the information conveyed by the statement is known to be incomplete.
There are many more possibilities based on many more contexts.
For situations where we want to convey 'both the basic and the actual' the word might be multifarious. These are also contextual but in this case the context is who you are talking to rather than the context of the statement.
Multifarious - made up of many differing parts; https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/multifarious For example "the multifarious weight is 237 kg base weight, 245 kg with packaging". But multifarious is a very uncommon word. This isn't quite the correct use of the word, but it is so uncommon that people will assume you are using this hypernym correctly and glean its meaning by context.
Multivalued - associating one or more values of its range with each value of its domain. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/multivalued If you don't mind sounding like a mathematician, this word might work as a good hypernym.
Structured (programming) - Structures represent a "named" collection of related data. https://www.cs.utah.edu/~germain/PPS/Topics/structures.html If you use structured as your hypernym, a programmer will probably get what you're talking about. Most other people won't.
Everyone in business should understand "nett" and "gross" - which seems to be what Igor Mikushkin is asking about - but in all seriousness how should we even spell "nett", let alone define a price as "nett (of what, exactly)"?
Some industries - as for instance, transport leasing - use terms such as "wet" and "dry" to state whether you're renting, for instance, an aircraft with or without a crew but what else might the aircraft come without? Maintenance, for one…
Other fields of transport will describe shipping costs as "landed" or "free and clear" or other jargon terms and should the fact you've been happily discussing every little detail with a particular supplier for years without end, give you the confidence to sign a contract with anyone else using exactly the same terms in apparently the same way?
If it matters, be specific; otherwise, be prepared to pay for generality.