I've looked up the definitions for both words and they seem different, yet similar -- especially renegade defined as 'a person behaving in a rebelliously unconventional manner' and rogue defined as 'a person that behaves in an aberrant way.'
According to Merriam Webster, renegade is:
1 : a deserter from one faith, cause, or allegiance to another
2 : an individual who rejects lawful or conventional behavior
While rogue is
1 : vagrant, tramp
2 : a dishonest or worthless person : scoundrel
3 : a mischievous person : scamp
4 : a horse inclined to shirk or misbehave
5 : an individual exhibiting a chance and usually inferior biological variation
So they cannot be used interchangeably.