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I am a new ESL teacher, and will be teaching students about question forms. I have looked at the QASV (Question, Auxiliary, Subject, Verb) formula but am not sure how to explain all examples my textbook provides.

For example:

  • Where does Jamie live? - this fits perfectly to the formula
  • What are you doing tomorrow afternoon? - tomorrow afternoon is additional and comes at the end.
  • Which instrument does Jamie play? - Why is "instrument" placed after the question word here?

I'm not sure how to explain its place in the sentence. I think some students could say: "Which does Jamie play instrument?" I don't know how to explain why that is wrong.

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    I don’t really see why this should present a problem—it’s just a matter of defining what “Q” means. It is a noun phrase which is headed by an interrogative, but which may also contain any number of other elements that can normally appear in a NP, including nouns, adjectives, prepositional phrases, embedded (relative) clauses, etc. They all become part of the “Q”. – Janus Bahs Jacquet Jan 27 '18 at 10:20
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    Qu = Question word or phrase e.g. "When", "What time/music/film…", "Which green car…", "How long", "How many theatre tickets…" etc. A = auxiliary verb S = subject or noun phrase e.g. "she" or "her mother's best friend" I = infinitive (QUASI) verb or V = any verb form. (QASV) I prefer the former, it's catchier and easier to remember. – Mari-Lou A Jan 27 '18 at 13:01
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    Use this acronym for beginners and at an elementary/pre-intermediate level, I wouldn't remind students of this "trick" at higher levels. It's not foolproof – Mari-Lou A Jan 27 '18 at 13:06
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    Note the difference in word class. 'What does Jamie like?' uses 'what' as an interrogative pronoun, whereas 'What jam does Jamie like?' / 'Whose pen did Jamie borrow?' / 'Which instrument does Jamie play?' show the interrogative determiner usage. See, for instance, Macmillan. – Edwin Ashworth Jan 27 '18 at 13:21

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