For our linguistics course we are supposed to analyse the following sentence by breaking it down into its constituent parts. We need to analyse it in terms of Function (FU) and Form (Fo), that is, clause constituents, phrase constituents and word classes.

So how would you analyse the follwing sentence?

His attitude made him very unpopular with colleagues.

This is what I've got so far but not too sure about this.

  • FU: His attitude = S, made = V, him = Object direct, very unpopular... = A

  • Fo: S = Noun phrase, V = Verb Phrase, ObjD = Noun Phrase, A = Adjectival Phrase

  • FU: dtm head, mv, head, premodifier head postmodifier

  • Fo: det noun, full verb, pronoun, Adjectival Phrase = very unpopular with, Noun phrase = colleagues

  • FU: premodifier head postmodifier, head

  • Fo: adj conjunction, noun

If you can't follow my analytics just tell me how you would analyse it when going by the following pattern:

  1. Function: Clause constituents (S, V, Od, Oi, Cs, Co, A)

  2. Form: On the level of "phrase": Noun phrase, Verb phrase...

  3. Function: Phrase constituents: determiner, premodifier, postmod., head, mV..

  4. Form: Word classes: noun, determiner, adjective, adverb...

  5. Function: again, phrase constituents

  6. Form: again, Word classes.

  • You have omitted the predicate (FU) whose FO is the verb phrase "made him very unpopular with colleagues".The FU of "made" is predicator and its FO is verb. The FU of "very unpopular with colleagues" is objective predicative complement. You really need one of us to draw you a tree diagram that assigns both function and category labels for each constituent.
    – BillJ
    Jan 10, 2018 at 17:20
  • Yes, I'm concerned that your analysis ignores the causative/factitive element of make + obj. + adj.
    – KarlG
    Jan 10, 2018 at 17:23
  • @Ympker. Do you want a tree diagram?
    – BillJ
    Jan 10, 2018 at 20:13
  • @BillJ That would be great Bill! :)
    – Ympker
    Jan 11, 2018 at 8:27

1 Answer 1


Here is a slightly simplified tree diagram of your sentence:

enter image description here

(Note: comp=complement; NP=noun phrase; Det=determiner; D-determinative, ObjectD=direct object)


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