Complements and adjuncts are different. A complement is necessary in order to complete the meaning. An adjunct is not necessary, and adds extra information.

Compare He put the cake in the oven.

Not: He put the cake.

put must have a complement to say where something is put. Without the complement, the clause would not be complete.

We usually go away in the spring.

in the spring is an adjunct. It is not essential to complete the verb ‘go away’; it adds extra information.

Ok, "I cooked it raw", raw here is a complement that complete "it"

see we don't say ""I cooked it rawly""

How about, "Did I hear this correct?"? is correct a complement or an adjunct?

correct is an adjective & not an adverb

Can we say "Did I hear this correctly?" or Did I correctly hear this??

How about, "Am I reading this right?" is right a complement or an adjunct?

right are both an adjective & adverb.

Do we say "Am I reading this rightly?" or "Am I rightly reading this?"?

  • (1) As 'I cooked it.' is entirely adequate as a stand-alone sentence, and 'raw' does not alter the meaning but just adds further information, 'raw' is an not a complement. // 'I cooked it raw' is a shorter form of 'I cooked it; it was raw when I began to cook it.' Here, 'raw' constitutes a depictive (telling you about the initial / enduring state of (here) the object referent) construction. 'Raw' is an adjective. // Covered on ELU before. //// 'I marked his work correct' and 'I marked his work correctly' bring out the difference between the adject / adverb usages here. – Edwin Ashworth Jan 2 '18 at 11:41
  • "Raw" is an optional depictive and hence is best analysed as a predicative adjunct rather than a complement. – BillJ Jan 2 '18 at 12:12
  • @EdwinAshworth, "raw" here means it is still cooked, but the result is it is still raw, like beef: raw-medium& welldone – Tom Jan 3 '18 at 1:24
  • @Tom I doubt you'll find much support for that unsupported statement. Wordreference.com argues that it is incorrect. My wife has her steaks cooked rare, not raw. – Edwin Ashworth Jan 3 '18 at 10:49

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