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Could anyone tell me the literary term (if one exists) for using someone's own words against them in the future. For example, in The Merchant of Venice when Shylock states he wants to 'catch Antonio once upon the hip' and later Gratiano repeats this to Shylock as an insult.

  • Dramatic irony. – Gustavson Dec 31 '17 at 22:24
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    It's "media bias", obviously! – Hot Licks Dec 31 '17 at 23:19
  • Avoid posting questions that do not detail the effort you have already made to find an answer, solutions you have already rejected, and why. Such questions may be closed as lacking research effort until they are edited to include research. Research can take many forms: checking references such as an online English dictionary, thesaurus, or grammar, searching this site for similar questions, searching the web, or putting substantial thought into the question on your own. See: “How much research is needed? – EL&U Meta”. – MetaEd Feb 2 '18 at 16:28
  • @MetaEd I'm not sure I'd know where to start when it comes to researching this one (perhaps looking for synonyms of 'tit for tat', 'taste of his own medicine' – but this assumes one is cognisant with these expressions). // A duplicate has just been posted. – Edwin Ashworth Jun 20 '19 at 11:51
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How about the Shakespearean hoist(ed) by one's own petard?

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