I was told that ing can be used without an object e.g "the manager forbids smoking" while I know this is true, I want to ask if it can also be used with objects e.g., "I love making lasagne" or " the manager forbids smoking in his establishment." can the ing form be used like this also?

  • Why do you think not? See also English Language Learners Good Luck. – Kris Dec 21 '17 at 10:22
  • "smoking" or "smoking in his establishment" can be the object of the verb forbids. – Kris Dec 21 '17 at 10:24
  • "Lasagne" is direct object of "making". Your other two examples are strictly speaking ambiguous since "smoking" could be a verb or a noun, though verb preferred. Noun interpretation can be forced with adjectival premodification, as in The manager forbids even occasional smoking". And "in his establishment" is not direct object, but an adjunct. – BillJ Dec 21 '17 at 10:27
  • The reason I asked was because my teacher used said we can use ing without an object and infinitive with objects so I was kinda confused about it. But since you all said it's ok, I'm more confident to use it with or without objects. – Olubodun Timmy Dec 21 '17 at 13:39
  • The manager forbids smoking weed. – Hot Licks May 20 '18 at 12:36

The Ving(Gerund) can be followed by an object or not, it is based on the context. For example, I stopped smoking. (In this sentence, the Gerund Ving is the direct object of the verb "stopped"). In your sentence: The manager forbids smoking in his establishment. (In this case, the Ving (smoking) is the direct object of the verb "forbids" and the phrase "in his establishment" is adverbial of this sentence, not the object, and this is correct in grammar.

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