The examples in the title and the following ones are expressed from the dictionaries:
imagine someone/something to be/do something
- She imagines herself to be very charming.
- I had imagined her to be older than that.
imagine (someone + adjective/noun)
- I can imagine him really angry find someone/something + adjective/noun
- We found the beds very comfortable.
find someone/something to be/do something
- They found him to be charming. Hold somebody/something + adj
- They hold me responsible.
Often followed by to + verb
- We hold these truths to be self-evident…
Are the followings right grammatically?
1) She imagines herself very charming. (without “to be”)
2) I had imagined her older than that. (without “to be”)
3) I can imagine him to be really angry. (with “to be”)
4) We found the beds to be very comfortable. (with “to be”)
5) They found him charming. (without “to be”)
6) They hold me to be responsible. (with “to be”)
7) We hold these truths self-evident… (without “to be”)
If they are right, what is the difference in meaning. nuance or feeling etc. between (with “to be”) and (without “to be”)?
For your reference, my grammar book (“Advanced grammar in use”) explains about “seem”:
Before a noun we include “to be” when the noun tells us what the subjest is, but often leave it out when we give our opinion of the person or thing in the subject. We tend to leave out “to be” in more formal English. Compare: He walked into what seemed to be a cave. (not…. What seemed a cave.) and He seems (to be) a very efficient salesperson.
Is there a relationship between my questions and the explanation from my grammar book?