Historically, there are very few words where the male version is derived from the female. For example, A junior English grammar (1902) lists four: bridegroom, drake, gander, and widower (but OED does not support the claim that drake and gander were formed this way).
You already mentioned widower, so let's look at bridegroom. According to OED, it was formed from brýd + guma. The word bride is obviously still in use, but guma is not. In Middle English it was spelled gome. According to OED:
After gome n.1 became obsolete in Middle English, the place of bridegome was taken in 16th cent. by bridegrome , < grome , groom n.1 ‘lad’.
Because gome is obsolete, as is the sense of groom meaning "lad", it's not a great choice.
However, there is another option (not a suffix though) not mentioned by that source. The prefix man- is used in several compounds, for example:
(Note that some of these compounds can be written as closed or hyphenated too.)
Interestingly enough, there are some instances already out there for the words you mentioned:
We haven't seen each other for a couple of years. I am a man-crone.
Hal Crawford on Twitter
Still, though, doesn’t the crone get pent up? Who gets the crone’s rocks off? Does she find a man-crone for that?
by Anna Bardin
It’s got Brandon Flowers as a man-damsel in distress
The Music Video for Brandon Flowers’s “Crossfire” Has Got EVERYTHING
Eugene is mincing away from a small gang of three walkers, a Man-Damsel In Distress.
barnfullawalkers: The Walking Dead, Season 5, Episode 5, “Self Help”
Yet another option may be to look for male gender neutral equivalents. Some resources for the words you listed are: