In English, "we" has no clusivity - context is needed to determine whether it means we-including-you or we-excluding-you.

What context can a speaker provide to disambiguate without sounding awkward?

I'm wondering in particular how to reword sentences like "We need to meet tomorrow."

  • 2
    You and I for inclusive, we + context for exclusive. That's the best it gets.
    – Daniel
    Sep 16, 2011 at 23:27
  • Unfortunately, you and I doesn't extend to more than two people. we + context is what sparked the question; it was the only phrasing I could think of, but it always sounds awkward to me.
    – daxelrod
    Sep 16, 2011 at 23:35
  • 2
    You and we, then. Sometimes English just is awkward.
    – Daniel
    Sep 16, 2011 at 23:39
  • 1
    There is not a single solution for all the cases that you might encounter. It's too broad: each time you need to see what to do.
    – Alenanno
    Sep 16, 2011 at 23:44
  • Why it's not "a real question"?
    – Quidam
    May 3, 2017 at 9:58

1 Answer 1


There is no single trick to do this, but I think that context will get you there the vast majority of the time. Consider these rules:

The context includes a group that the speaker is part of but the listener is not -> exclusive we

The context includes a group that the speaker is part of and the listener is part of -> inclusive we

The context does not include a group -> inclusive we

"You're saying the committee hasn't voted yet?"

"Yeah, we need to meet tomorrow."


"Is our team going to sit down and do the calculations before Friday?"

"Yeah, we need to meet tomorrow."


"How are you?"

"Fine, but we need to meet tomorrow."

You can clearly determine if 'we' is inclusive or not.

If all else fails, you can easily be more explicit:

"We need to meet tomorrow. You should be there, too."

Or perhaps less redundantly:

"We need to meet tomorrow. Be here at 8:00."

  • Well, there is one simple trick, which is to list everybody. "We need to meet tomorrow - you, me, and everyone from Human Resources".
    – Stuart F
    Nov 27, 2022 at 18:40

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