Plato is using a metaphor. In effect, he is saying that the mind of a wise person is deep and fertile soil, out of which grows wise advice. In other words, because the wise man's mind is not corrupted by foolishness, clichés, errors, and fallacious thinking, you can trust his counsel.
The wisest man who ever lived took Plato's metaphor and gave it a twist, so to speak. This is what he said,
Listen! A farmer went out to sow his seed. As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path; it was trampled on, and the birds of the air came and ate it up. Some [seed] fell on rocky places, where it did not have much soil. It sprang up quickly, because the soil was shallow. But when the sun came up, the plants were scorched, because they had no moisture, and they withered because they had no root.
Other seed fell among thorns, which grew up with it and choked the plants, so that they did not bear grain. Still other seed fell on good soil. It came up, grew and produced a crop, multiplying thirty, sixty, or even a hundred times more than was sown.
When he said this, he called out, "He who has ears to hear, let him hear."
Consider the "seed" in the above parable (which is a conflation of three separate accounts of what the wisest man said) to comprise, for example, timeless truths, noble ideas, consequential concepts, exemplary ethics, and laudable moral principles.
The most basic requirement for good seed is good soil. Without soil which is deep, fertile, free of rocks and weeds, well tilled and not trampled upon, no seed, however good it may be, will do what seed is supposed to do; namely, bear abundant fruit (whether that "fruit" is wheat or corn or apples or tomatoes or any other food crop).
What Plato left out of his metaphor (though I am sure he covered this ground--pun intended--more thoroughly elsewhere in his teaching) is the importance of quality seed. The mind of a man or woman can be highly intelligent, even brilliant, but if it is bereft of noble ideas, timeless truths, and uncorrupted thinking, it will bear neither good fruit nor abundant fruit.