I want to paraphrase this sentence into something smaller - "Laypersons cannot understand findings from papers in this field, no matter how much time they spend. To understand them, experts are required and the process may require sizeable resources and time"

I thought of something like "Findings from these papers are resource-intensive and temporally incomprehensible to laypersons." but I know it's wrong. What kind of phrase can I use to describe the nature of the process of "understanding findings from papers"?

  • "Understanding these papers requires both the proper background and substantial effort." Nov 26, 2017 at 0:26
  • These papers are complex and challenging. Nov 26, 2017 at 4:24

1 Answer 1


'These papers are esoteric' will convey all you require, I believe.

intended for or likely to be understood by only a small number of people with a specialized knowledge or interest.

Google Dictionary

Esoteric : Designed for, or appropriate to, an inner circle of advanced or privileged disciples; communicated to, or intelligible by, the initiated exclusively


An esoteric doctoral thesis is not the sort of thing you’d bring up at Thanksgiving dinner. One doesn’t chitchat about prosthetic heart valves in the supermarket checkout line or dive into mathematical representations of braids on a blind date.

Wall Street Journal

  • @HMK Glad to be of service.
    – Nigel J
    Nov 26, 2017 at 3:34
  • Oh wow! That is 100% right on target, a great word choice @Nigel J. Nov 26, 2017 at 3:47

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