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I'm editing a paper and the author is using the word galvanised in this way: "Fair trade, community-supported agriculture, and microfinance are just some examples of market systems galvanized by moral concerns and societal aspirations."

I feel like galvanised is inappropriate: market systems are not jumping to action because of moral concerns etc. What would be another word to use in its stead?

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  • Motivated would be a milder word. But why not galvanised? Some factory in India burns down or farmers burn down rain forest to plant whatever the corporations will pay the most for.
    – mplungjan
    Nov 13, 2017 at 6:46
  • Impelled, urged, inspired, and stimulated all come to mind.
    – user252723
    Nov 13, 2017 at 7:05
  • damaged by? (I agree with your doubts about the logic and wonder what the original writer thought "galvanized by" meant here.) Possibly just use "affected by"? or "influenced by"?
    – Xanne
    Nov 13, 2017 at 7:31
  • I think the original writer of the piece meant 'provoked by moral concerns', though whether or not that is a true understanding of how market systems actually work is another matter. 'Galvanized into action' is the meaning.books.google.com/ngrams/…
    – Nigel J
    Nov 13, 2017 at 8:27
  • Embiggened? (sorry, but it's just such a good fit). Which have arisen from is a poor second.
    – Phil Sweet
    Nov 14, 2017 at 4:06

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Galvanise is a metaphor for "protect" - though extended usage may have more to do with "springing into action". But here I just think it means "protect".

It comes from the practice of coating metal objects with a protective layer applied with the use of galvanitic electrolysis, to prevent rusting.

It seems to me a perfectly apt word to use in the context you quote. But a synonym would of course be protect.

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  • It's not so much protection in the OP's context - I think it's more courage, perhaps rationalised as the courage that comes from knowing that one is protected.
    – Lawrence
    Nov 13, 2017 at 8:24
  • Of course, galvanization does involve running an electric current through the target object. So I suppose there is an inherent "shock factor".
    – Hot Licks
    Nov 13, 2017 at 13:00
  • Wrong type of galvanic action @WS
    – Phil Sweet
    Nov 14, 2017 at 3:44
  • @PhilSweet Umm! Interesting.
    – WS2
    Nov 14, 2017 at 18:12

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