enter image description here I'm hoping this picture loads. I received a flyer in the mail from a company that i have previously done business with several months back. I assume that, in an attempt to bring me back, they sent me this promotion code for 20% off. The problem lies in the way they presented this 20% off deal. They promise "20% off my next first purchase" with the use of the provided code. Next first? I know that this is not correct, but other than it being plain wrong I can't find the best way to articulate exactly how or why it's incorrect. Help?

  • 1
    Interesting question. The image says "first next", but the text of the question says "next first"--I assume the image is accurate, and you mistyped, but I'm not certain enough to edit it for you (although I did edit the title so that it gives a bit more information about what the question is about)
    – herisson
    Oct 27, 2017 at 23:01
  • I assume their point is that it’s only good for your first next purchase and not any subsequent next purchases. I don’t know whether they could detect and disallow you saving the code for a larger purchase next week and still buying a regularly-priced item today.
    – Jim
    Oct 27, 2017 at 23:16
  • The first next version is redundant but valid; the next first version might indicate they suspect you of playing the system by using a different identity to get (say) a new member discount.
    – Lawrence
    Oct 27, 2017 at 23:17
  • 1
    It's not technically bad grammar, but "first next" is internally redundant, and not in an "accepted" way, as when redundancy is used for emphasis.
    – Hot Licks
    Oct 27, 2017 at 23:18
  • This is advertising--and it worked. It got your attention. Your next purchase from jet.com will be 20% off, and it's the first "next purchase" you should make--before you purchase anything else.
    – Xanne
    Oct 28, 2017 at 1:17

2 Answers 2


To try to make sense of this, we might have to look at the context, with the heuristic question: what problem is is this supposed to solve?

For the context, coupons are are double-edged sword, because if they are ambiguously worded, customers might use and abuse them in ways the company had not expected -- leading to financial losses or even litigations ending in court (especially in the US). These little pieces of paper must therefore be explicit in their wording.

But this can be overdone: making things more explicit (by adding more words) can be detrimental to clarity.

The anomaly that attracted our attention is that one word appears redundant to us.

Question: Which word was likely added (as an afterthought)? 'First' or 'next'?

So let's try to figure out which was the original one:

20% percent off your first purchase.

That should be ruled out, because it doesn't make sense, based on the following: assumption: "in an attempt to bring me back, they sent me this promotion code for 20% off." The first purchase had already occurred!


20% percent off your next purchase.

Now, that makes more sense. I would say "first" is the additional passenger.

So, the question becomes: what abuse is the word "first" supposed to solve in the following sentence?

20% off your first next purchase.

The one thing that I can think of, is that there might be (in the minds of writer of that message) a "second next purchase" after the "first next purchase", etc. Or even a third, a fourth, etc.

So here is my guess: They don't want the customer to use the same coupon more than once.

The only way to know for sure would be, of course, to ask their customer service... which probably (or hopefully) already has a scripted answer.

A third question would be: how should they have worded this coupon? I agree with the suggestion by @flatter that it would have been better to write:

This one-time coupon grants 20% off your next purchase.

  • Yet there are zero uses of first next in google books outside of computational analysis and related fields. Courts interpret wording by how a reasonable person would interpret it. First next has no reasonable usage in natural English or legal English. It doesn't appear. No one uses it. Oct 28, 2017 at 23:55
  • I apologize: it was so obvious to me that I did not think I should mention it explicitly (though the word anomaly might have been a hint). I only tried to figure out what they meant.
    – fralau
    Oct 29, 2017 at 7:42
  • 3
    In an attempt to answer the third question: This one-time coupon grants 20% off your next purchase. It implicitly refers to "next" as in "after receiving this coupon", yet limits the coupon usability by referring to it as one-time.
    – Flater
    Nov 27, 2017 at 10:59

If the wording used on this flyer were by a native English speaker of any competence then my opinion is that (without being charitable) this is an attempt to benefit their business. There is no doubt it is equivocal language it may be at attempt to gain more purchases by customers who interpret the wording in one of the two possible interpretations possible. That is, the word "next" is ambiguous, given that you've already made a purchase.

If you've already made a purchase then the "next first purchase" may mean you will get the discount on the very next item you buy. However "next first" purchase may mean the second purchase you make, ie., you need to buy two more to get 20% off the second one.

Given that a purchase has already been made by you, this can be read as nothing else but an ambiguous offer.

Being charitable, or giving them the benefit of the doubt that it was an innocent error, you'd have to assume either they don't understand the nuances of English, or they were careless when drafting the wording of the offer.

Source: My cynicism.

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