A child is talking to another child:
"Hey! Guess what animal it is. It is white and black and has a long neck."
"Hey! Guess the animal. It is white and black and has a long neck."
Which one is correct?
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They are both correct, but the word guess is used in different senses:
1. to arrive at or commit oneself to an opinion about (something) without having sufficient evidence to support the opinion fully: to guess a person's weight.
2. to estimate or conjecture about correctly: to guess what a word means.
The examples given are more enlightening than the definitions; you see that the usage of guess is correct either like this:
Guess the animal:
or like this:
Guess what animal this is: