On request, I am converting my comments to an answer to address the part of your question about which dictionary to consult, and in particular this part:
I have read that Oxford's English dictionaries tend to be historical, embracing deprecated or obsolete meanings as a reference, despite the fact the they are not used anymore
And from a comment
shouldn't a dictionary include all the meanings of a word? because I have read that Oxford tends to be more historical, while Cambridge tries to be more contemporary, thus, the additional meanings found in Oxford's dictionary are somewhat deprecated and kept for reference.
There is often confusion about dictionaries with the name "Oxford". The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a historical and etymological dictionary. It is the most comprehensive dictionary of the English language in existence. Traditionally it was a print book1, but there is now an online version, which is the most current edition.2
The OED aims to include senses that illustrate both the history of the usage of a word and its contemporary usage. Definitions and sub-definitions that are retained solely or primarily for historical purposes may be labelled "obs.[olete]" or "arch.[aic]" or "Now rare", so you shouldn't be confused about whether an entry is still a useful definition for everyday use.3
Because the OED has so very many entries (reportedly 600,000 as of September, 2017), it is updated slowly, so some entries can be out of date. Each entry in the OED Online is clearly labelled with most recent revision, so you can easily see whether the entry is likely to be accurate for contemporary usage or not.
So far as I know, the OED is the only English-language dictionary that aims to have anything like "all" the meanings of each word it defines. Unfortunately, the OED Online is a subscription-only service; fortunately, many folks can get access through their local or school library.
Other dictionaries are carefully curated to have what their editors consider the most useful words for their particular audience. For example, a learner's dictionary chooses words and definitions that are most likely to be useful for non-native speakers of English who are aiming to improve their vocabulary; a middle school dictionary will be aimed toward typical school children in grades 5-9ish.
Aside from the OED, there is a different set of dictionaries, also published by Oxford (the venerable UK university's press), collectively labelled Oxford Dictionaries (ODO, for Oxford Dictionaries Online).4 ODO is accessible without a subscription, and has different editors and different goals from the OED: rather than historical and etymological, these entries are for everyday use. You will find far fewer entries than in the OED Online, but they will all be fairly recently updated.
1 Actually multiple volumes—in my library the 2nd edition is twenty volumes and takes up 3.5 linear feet (just over 1 meter).
2 http://www.oed.com. You will need a subscription to access this site; see discussion above. Most of the information about the OED Online is taken from its public pages, which can be found here: http://public.oed.com/
3 Other possible labels include hist.[orical], poet.[ic(al)], and fig.[urative], and labels for special use within a discipline, such as Math.[ematics/ematical] or Ling.[uistics]. These are sometimes used in combination and/or with introductory language, as in "Now hist. and poet." A complete list of abbreviations can be found at http://public.oed.com/how-to-use-the-oed/abbreviations/#l.