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Which of the following two is correct, if any?

  1. I watched a Six Nations rugby match.

  2. I watched a Six-Nations rugby match.

Is there a general rule for the use of hyphens in compound adjectives when the adjective is derived from a proper noun?

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    Yes; look up on the internet to find normal usage. 'Six Nations' here is not an adjective but a [compound] noun used attributively. / The usual practice here is to use the premodifier in the same style as normal ('The Six Nations refers to six ...'), only adding a hyphen if necessary to disambiguate. Since most proper open compounds are clearly compounds, the hyphen won't be needed often if at all (unless normally present). – Edwin Ashworth Sep 8 '17 at 10:10
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    "Six nations" is not an adjective, not a compound, but a nominal functioning as a modifier. To qualify as a compound it would need a hyphen, but I can't see any reason to analyse it as a compound. The term 'open compound' is a misnomer since separate words form a syntactic construction, not a morphological compound. "Six Nations Rugby Match" is a noun phrase with the nominal "Six Nations" being a pre-head modifier of "match". – BillJ Sep 8 '17 at 12:52

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