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Why exist "have got" if exist "have", while both this grammar constructions in most cases means the same thing. If I don't right, in what case we need use "have got" instead "have". enter image description here

marked as duplicate by Edwin Ashworth, StoneyB, David, NVZ, Skooba Aug 15 '17 at 18:52

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  • There is no case in which you need to use 'have got', though it is commonly used in everyday speech. There are many threads discussing this issue. – Kate Bunting Aug 15 '17 at 7:51

Strictly speaking, "I have an iphone" is a simple statement about the present, while "I have got an iphone" is a statement about something that you did in the past, like saying "At some point in the past I got an iphone". Consider "I have kicked the ball" or "I have eaten the cake". "got" means "obtained" in this context.

However, this distinction is often ignored, so the two phrases have become somewhat interchangeable. That site says that they mean the same: I don't think this is quite true, formally speaking, but from a pragmatic point of view they would tend to mean the same thing. To me, "I have got an iphone" sounds slightly childish compared to "I have an iphone".

  • There is at least the one duplicate (as Kate had already implied); I've linked to one, and it has far more useful answers. In the UK, 'I have a phone' often sounds starchy, whereas 'I've got a phone' is the unmarked and colloquial version. 'I have got a phone' would be used for emphasis. Strictly speaking, ' 've got' is used far more often to mean 'have' than to mean 'have procured', so this is the primary sense. 'I've got a headache' is stative. – Edwin Ashworth Aug 15 '17 at 9:59
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    This is arguable in British Englishes, where got is the past participle of get and have got is employed syntactically as a sort of perfect. But it is not true in US Englishes, where the past participle of get is gotten. – StoneyB Aug 15 '17 at 10:15
  • @StoneyB I thought "gotten" was more of a colloquialism. – Max Williams Aug 15 '17 at 10:27
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    It's by no means universal, but by and large gotten is standard in US Englishes in all registers. My own touchstone for formal prose is Robert Caro's ongoing biography of Lyndon Johnson, and Caro consistently employs gotten for the past participle. ... What is colloquial is deletion of the HAVE form--"I got rhythm"--and the trend toward treating the resultant possessive got as an independent infinitive--"I don't got X", "Do they got X?". – StoneyB Aug 15 '17 at 10:40
  • 'Have got' is ungrammatical unless 'got' is a participle (which it is in BRE). It often means just 'have' instead of 'have gotten', but the energy needed to say 'ha-' is greater than that for 'got', so we often say "-'ve got" instead of "have"; and we don't say things like "I've a phone" because the contraction is reserved for the auxiliary 'have', not the lexical verb 'have'. – AmI Sep 18 '17 at 21:41

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