0

This question already has an answer here:

Is there a technical term for the relationship between a word and its equivalents in other languages? I thought of cognate, but don't think it quite works, as cognates could include words like chief and chef which aren't in fact synonymous, and would exclude words which have the same meaning in different languages but have no etymological connection (like "hombre" and "man" in this case). Obviously "equivalent" does the job, but is there a more precise linguistic term? Something like transynonym, perhaps?

marked as duplicate by 1006a, Edwin Ashworth, Drew, Mari-Lou A, choster Aug 11 '17 at 16:11

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

3

The word "translation" is suitable here. The word "translation" means "a rendering from one language into another" or "the product of such a rendering" according to Merriam-Webster, which "hombre", "homme", and "man" certainly are.

  • Welcome to English Language & Usage! We're looking for long answers that provide some explanation and context. Please explain why your answer is right, ideally with citations. Answers that don't include explanations may be removed. – NVZ Aug 10 '17 at 5:33
  • I don't think translation quite works. Yes, we can say '"hombre" is a translation of "man"', but we don't use "translation" to say "these words are translations" in the way we might call two words synonyms. Also, as your M-W quote shows, "translation" suggests a conscious act of rendering, I'm really talking about accidental examples of "parallel evolution" within two languages, situations where two languages both have a word for the same thing. I suppose "equivalent" or "counterpart" is the best we can get, if there isn't a technical term already in existence. Thanks for your help, anyway. – charmeth Aug 10 '17 at 14:19
  • How about "analogue" or maybe even "complement"? – Dapianoman Aug 10 '17 at 20:42

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.