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I know that there exist some verbs which were formed in Proto-Germanic by adding the causative marker -ja- to nouns or adjectives, such as these pairs:

However, I'm not too sure about how those evolved from the original word until now. I supposed it is related to I/J-Mutation. http://www.etymonline.com/imutate.php

Could you please explain it properly?

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    What do you mean by adding -jan? – iBug Jul 29 '17 at 13:56
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    Are you sure 'tale-tell' and 'hale-heal' are in the same pattern as the others? – marcellothearcane Jul 29 '17 at 14:13
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    You're right that i-mutation is indeed what happened here. Could you specify more precisely what about the development of these verbs it is that you want to know about? As it stands, it's rather broad. If you apply the regular outcome of i-mutation and get rid of the causative -*ja- marker (which was regularly lost), you more or less end up with the forms that we actually have. (I've edited your question to make it clear that *-ja- is Proto-Germanic, just so people don't think it's supposed to be English and vote to close your question as unclear.) – Janus Bahs Jacquet Jul 29 '17 at 16:50
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    I take it you have already read the Wikipedia article which discusses these Germanic causatives? – Janus Bahs Jacquet Jul 29 '17 at 16:54
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    There are plenty of effects of yodated causatives. One of them, prominent in these examples, is the normal Germanic phenomenon of Umlaut. The /j/ of the causative suffix palatalized consonants and fronted vowels, as [j] always does. – John Lawler Jul 29 '17 at 17:43

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