This is a question from a GRE practice test. I am confused about the term "uses evidence" and why the selected sentence is correct. Here is the question:
17. Select the sentence in the passage in which the author uses evidence to support an assertion about the difference between Chaucer and the Romance Poets"
If we ask ourselves wherein consists the immense superiority of Chaucer's poetry over the romance-poetry--why it is that in passing from this to Chaucer we suddenly feel ourselves to be in another world, we shall find that his superiority is both in the substance of his poetry and in the style of his poetry. His superiority in substance is given by his large, free, simple, and clear yet kindly view of human life--so unlike the total want, in the romance-poets, of all intelligent command of it. Chaucer has not their helplessness; he has gained the power to survey the world from a central, a truly human point of view. We have only to call to mind the Prologue to The Canterbury Tales. The right comment upon it is Dryden's: "It is sufficient to say, according to the proverb, that here is God's plenty." And again: "He is a perpetual fountain of good sense." It is by a large, free, sound representation of things, that poetry, this high criticism of life, has truth of substance and Chaucer's poetry has truth of substance.
The bolded sentence is supposedly the correct answer to this question, with the justification being:
The author uses the selected sentence to support the following assertion: "He has gained the power to survey the world from a central, a truly human point of view."
Now my question is about whether or not the bolded sentence is actually using evidence. I thought the following sentence was the one that most conclusively used evidence, since it's an actual quote (evidence) that seems to support the author's claim. I don't see how calling to mind a prologue is using evidence, rather it merely identifies the source of evidence. The last sentence might also be a better candidate for the right answer, since it actually explains how the evidence supports the claim (which in my mind fits the bill of using).
For the record, I don't really understand what the quotes are supposed to really mean (I haven't read Canterbury Tales), but it seems to me to fit the question better. Can someone explain how the selected sentence is considered using evidence? Am I over thinking this? Is it a bad question?
Bonus question for people who have taken the GRE: are the questions really like this? I hate questions of this format.