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For example:

  1. Honest /änəst/
  2. Honest [ahh-nest]

What are these called?

  • Are you asking which encoding scheme is used for each of those? Both are non-standard, but it different ways. – tchrist Jul 19 '17 at 13:34
  • An alphabet specifically chosen for this purpose is a "phonetic alphabet." – MAA Aug 11 '17 at 6:04
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A phonetic representation of a word is a representation of its pronunciation.

Wikipedia defines phonetic representation as follows:

the representation of speech sounds using symbols in phonetic alphabet

Similarly, it defines phonetic transcription as follows:

the visual representation of speech sounds (or phones). The most common type of phonetic transcription uses a phonetic alphabet

There are many different ways to represent a word phonetically. Both of your examples are phonetic representations.

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Fake pronunciations?

Both are in made-up random notations that run utterly contrary to the standard notation recognized worldwide.

That should instead be /ˈɒnɪst/, /ˈɑnɪst/, /ˈɒnəst/, or /ˈɑnəst/ in IPA (International Phonetic Notation).

  • Anything other than IPA is not necessarily "fake." – Kris Aug 11 '17 at 5:26

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