From the following description, the report is a straightforward research project by what was then the major U.S. think-tank, and my judgment would be that there is no ulterior motive or irony in the title; it simply means what it says. Its grammar provides no suggestion otherwise, nor does the historical context of the research. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy had only been in office for three months and had not yet announced his plans for going to the moon--that speech came September 12, 1961. (The report itself was publicly available, or at least it findings announced, by December 1960, well before he took office.
From Wikipedia, in an article titled "Brookings Report"
Proposed Studies on the Implications of Peaceful Space Activities for
Human Affairs, often referred to as "the Brookings Report", was a 1960
report commissioned by NASA and created by the Brookings Institution
in collaboration with NASA's Committee on Long-Range Studies. It was
submitted to the House Committee on Science and Astronautics of the
United States House of Representatives in the 87th United States
Congress on April 18, 1961. It was entered into the Congressional
Record and can be found in any library possessing the Congressional
Record for that year. . .
The report has become noted for one short section entitled "The
implications of a discovery of extraterrestrial life", which examines
the potential implications of such a discovery on public attitudes and
values. The section briefly considers possible public reactions to
some possible scenarios for the discovery of extraterrestrial life,
stressing a need for further research in this area.
The Wikipedia article notes that the report also suggested the possibility of withholding any discovery of extraterrestrial life as too upsetting to the public (this is a crude summary)--but that was part of the public report.