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How do you pronounce the ‑ing forms of verbs that originally end with -e or ‑ie?

Although the rules for writing such verbs that end with ‑e or ‑ie are сlear:

  • make > making (take off "-e" + "‑ing")
  • die > dying (take off "‑ie" + "‑ying")

Nonetheless, the rules for their pronunciation are not clear to me like those for their spellings are.

How do you pronounce a final ‑e and ‑ie when you add an ‑ing to it in these verbs?

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The pronunciation of the -ing form of the verbs die and make is completely regular.

In IPA, make is /meɪk/.
Making is /ˈmeɪ·kɪŋ/.

In IPA, dye is /dɑɪ/.
Dying is /ˈdɑɪ·ɪŋ/.

The 'e' on the end of these words is not pronounced, and to make the -ing form, you just add /ɪŋ/ to the pronunciation.

There is only one class of verbs I can think of that might be considered irregular — those verbs whose pronunciations end with /-əl/ or /-ər/. Here, you can optionally remove the schwa /ə/.

For example, table is pronounced /ˈteɪ·bəl/.
Tabling is pronounced /ˈteɪ·bəl·ɪŋ/ or /ˈteɪ·blɪŋ/.

  • So, when a verb ends with -e or -ie, "-e" or "-ie" are unvoiced? – Тарас Jun 25 '17 at 18:30
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    @Тарас You cannot use spelling to correctly infer the pronunciation of an arbitrary word in English. Please don't try. However the base verb is pronounced, the -ing version is pronounced exactly that same way with an extra /ɪŋ/ at the end of it. The spelling never matters at all! – tchrist Jun 25 '17 at 18:36
  • Also, in British English, the consonant /r/ is not present in verb forms like dares, fires, stores but is present in daring, firing, storing; for many speakers, it also might be present in awing. But this is not really irregular. – herisson Jun 26 '17 at 3:09
  • As pointed out in this answer to what may be a duplicate, because the final e in karaoke represents a vowel in the pronunciation (unlike that in, say make), this leads to karaokeing. – FumbleFingers Jun 26 '17 at 11:53
  • @FumbleFingers: similarly ante and anteing. – Peter Shor Jun 26 '17 at 12:01

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