I have a question, which I have been thinking about the last 50 years. I know, that the word "blood" is prononcued "blaad" and I know. that "roof" is prononcued "ruuf", boot like "buut" , tool like "tuul". They all have 2 oo, which gives "UU", but why is blood then "blaad" and not "bluud".? Do you understand me. :)

Best regards

Kurt Denmark

  • Pronunciation is never properly standard in English - words are how you spell things, not necessarily how you say them. Sorry about that, on behalf of every native speaker to every non-native speaker! Jun 22 '17 at 12:21
  • 1
    Spoken language is primary. It is not letters that are pronounced. It is sounds that get encoded in writing. But the spelling also encodes a multitude of other factors. Most notably etymology. You do not want to spell history completely differently from historian, and you do not want to spell the noun access completely differently from the verb access. Conversely, you might want to distinguish between merry, marry, and Mary, even if you pronounce all three exactly the same.
    – RegDwigнt
    Jun 22 '17 at 12:29
  • And then of course all dialects and indeed all individual people have their pronunciation quirks. You do not want the word blood to be spelled ten different ways depending on how it's pronounced. You want just one standard spelling. And that's what you have. This is not something peculiar to English, so @marcellothearcane's apologies are misinformed and misplaced. This is what happens in all languages, in all writing systems. Words are not spelled phonetically. Anywhere. Ever. You just listed one random example of a general phenomenon that affects absolutely all words.
    – RegDwigнt
    Jun 22 '17 at 12:30

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