Hope you guys having a good day. I am on the other hand, not so much. I came accoss this Ielts question and it reads:
- Michael Owens was hired by a large US company to design a fully-automated bottle manufacturing machine for them.
- Is this true, false or not given?
TRUE = if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE = if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN = if there is no information on this
And here is the information from the essay:
From 1887 onwards, glass making developed from traditional mouth-blowing to a semi-automatic process, after factory- owner HM Ashley introduced a machine capable of producing 200 bottles per hour in Castleford, Yorkshire, England - more than three times quicker than any previous production method. Then in 1907, the first fully automated machine was developed in the USA by Michael Owens - founder of the Owens Bottle Machine Company (later the major manufacturers Owens- Illinois) - and installed in its factory. Owens’ invention could produce an impressive 2,500 bottles per hour.
I chose "Not Given", my logic is that while he did create the first automated machine, we can't be sure whether he was hired by a company before/after that to create a different machine. But the key said "False"
Say, if I replaced Michael Owens with Mark Zuckerberg and automated machine with Facebook, then the answer would be "True", since he was hired by Winklevoss twins to make a social network similar to Facebook, whom later he put aside and secretly developed his own project. People who don't know this are likely to choose "False" as well. The point is, though, that because it was not specified in the text, the answer shouldn't be "False".
However, I think if they add one word to the question, that is "first": Michael Owens was hired by a large US company to design a first fully-automated bottle manufacturing machine for them. Then maybe I would be more okay with "False".
Every opinion is appreciated, thanks.
Update: I could not comment due to the character limit so i write it here.
First of all i want to thank you all for your comments.
While I do acknowledge that Michael founded his company and created the first machine for it, my approach was from a different angle. My interpretation of the statement: "Michael Owens was hired by a large US company to design a fully-automatic bottle manufacturing machine for them" that is: given any time in his entire life, was he hired by a US company to make an automated machine, regardless of whether he did a similiar one in the past or would make one in the future, then the statement can be True. That's why i included the "Mark Zuckerberg" example, who indeed was hired to do the "product" but then quit the job to create his own similiar version of the "product" under his name. From the perspective of an Ielts taker who has no knowledge about Michael Owens, Not Given for me was the most suitable.
Please help me find the flaws in my argument / logic. Appreciate every opinion.