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The answer to the question is "I should do [what]", where I is clearly the subject.

Is that the right answer? I keep thinking the answer should be "What", if only because it's first.

  • "I" is used in subjects and "me" in objects (either objects of verbs or objects of prepositions), so in "What should do me?" the pronoun "me" is the object. In questions, the verb often comes before the subject. The main verb here is "should". (In negative statements, the verb also often comes before the subject, as in "Never once had he heard such a thing.", in which "had" is the main verb and "he" is the subject.) – Michael Hardy May 21 '17 at 18:52
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"I" is the subject of the sentence. This is being confused by two factors. First, as part of general question asking-syntax, English moves an auxilliary verb to the start of the sentence (or adds "do" if one isn't already present). Question words are also moved to the start of the sentence regardless of their part of speech. So "what" is the object of the verb "do", even though "what" occurs at the start of the sentence and "do" appears at the end.

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