I like to know a formal equivalent phrase for "the above". I'm writing a scientific paper, and someone told me that phrase is not correct for a scientific paper.

An example is the following.

"Taking into account the above, the new formula is better than the other one."

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    Was the reason 'someone' gave lack of formality or lack of specificness? Did they point you to a style guide supporting their view? 'The above' is far from informal. – Edwin Ashworth May 12 '17 at 13:23


You could write,

Taking into account the aforementioned text/statement, the new formula is better than the other one.

You may like to check out the Thesaurus link.

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  • It's subjective, but I am a fan of using "the aforementioned" by itself, without using "text/statement". Of course, this only applies in cases where it is obvious what I'm trying to reference, usually when it directly follows the thing I'm referencing. – Flater May 12 '17 at 7:54
  • If you see the edit history, even I put [text] in brackets, making it optional. However, as the requirement of the OP is for a scientific paper, you wouldn't want anything left to speculation, howsoever obvious. Good remark though, @Flater. – satnam May 12 '17 at 9:32
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    Hadn't seen the history, it's not really a reflex to check it :) – Flater May 12 '17 at 9:50

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