Plenty of time, space, and money is/are needed

This was part of a question on indefinite pronouns. The textbook said are was the correct answer, but I still feel I would say is.

I was wondering if both are possible and which one you would be more likely to use.

  • 'is' means 'needed' refers to only money
    – JMP
    May 8, 2017 at 5:44
  • What's the name of the textbook, and could you please include the author's name too? Did the author explain why "are" is the right answer? Thanks.
    – Mari-Lou A
    May 8, 2017 at 8:12
  • I would use 'is', because 'time, space, and money' are all encompassed by 'plenty'. May 9, 2017 at 16:22
  • 1
    I'd consider time, space and money as being disparate enough to make singular agreement unacceptable. May 9, 2017 at 23:07

2 Answers 2


Although MacMillan gives the part of speech for plenty as either pronoun or adverb, depending on usage, other dictionaries are careful to specify that in the case of plenty of + noun object(s), it is a quantifier (or noun?). From the Collins English Dictionary:

If there is plenty of something, there is a large amount of it. If there are plenty of things, there are many of them.

Ex. There are plenty of cars on display here.

Notice that the number of the verb is plural to agree with the number of the noun object. By way of contrast...

Ex. There was still plenty of time to take Jill out for pizza.

Once again, the verb agrees with the non-count noun "time".

Since there are several disparate (as Edwin Ashworth refers to them) items on your list, they should be considered as plural. i.e. You would say plenty of them, or those items, and not plenty of that; even though each one taken by itself would be a non-count noun taking singular agreement of the verb.

Random House Kernerman Webster´s College Dictionary agrees with Collins in this, but also says:

usage: The construction PLENTY OF is standard in all varieties of speech and writing: plenty of room in the shed.
The use of PLENTY preceding a noun, without an intervening OF , first appeared in the late 19th century: plenty room in the shed. It occurs today chiefly in informal speech.

So, in your sentence we would have;

Plenty of time, space, and money are needed

[Even though, somehow, someway, is sounds better to my ear. Go figure.]


Time, space, and money are all singular nouns. As such, the correct conjugation would be "is". Note that all these words have plural forms (spaces, times, and moneys).

I am curious as to what the author of the books reasoning was. Could you provide us with the reference?

  • 2
    Singular nouns in a collection form a plural; however, in this case it would appear that "plenty" is the subject. And there is a difference between the usages of space v spaces, time v times, and money v monies. May 9, 2017 at 17:44
  • You're applying the wrong rule: the "all singular noun phrases > singular verb agreement" is for noun phrases connected by the conjunction or, not noun phrases connected by the conjunction and.
    – herisson
    Jul 3, 2017 at 3:17

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