Why can't I use "with" instead of "to"?
For example: "Did you talk to Maria?" instead of "Did you talk with Maria?"
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In fact "talk with" is grammatically correct, as the 2 members have pointed out in the earlier answer and comment. The form "talk to" is found rather more often used, though "talk with" is not uncommon by any means. Interestingly, there seems to be a subtle difference between "talking to" and "talking with" someone in terms of the finer shades of meaning, as in
I talked to her before school and returned her library book.
I talked with her for a few minutes in the evening on the way home.
They plan to talk to the warden about the frequent power failures.
They used to talk with their friends on the back porch or on the beach.
This usage of "talk to" seems to indicate brief conversation about something specific whereas "talk with" hints at somewhat longer and more general conversation that is a way of 'spending time together'.
However the two forms can often be used interchangeably as in
She talked to her friends for hours on the phone.
She talked with her friends for hours on the phone.
They are no longer talking to each other.
They are no longer talking with each other.
The same general meaning applies for speak to and speak with as well.
Therefore you can TALK WITH Maria, or TALK TO her!
Whilst "talk with Maria" is technically grammatically correct, it is preferred to use "to" when dealing with verbs like talk, which are known as action verbs. In this case, the verb "talk" is directed at Maria, so "to" would be used instead of "with".
To simplify it, which is grammatically correct?:
"He said to me"
"He said with me"