I know there are a lot of rules and guidelines in english, for writing a good essay (especially around S.A.T. season!) No such thing in spanish, though!
However, for writing poems Spanish does have a lot of rules and strict guidelines for style and metrics, and like the S.A.T.s we all went trough writing a poem around 7th grade, that complied with the rules and actually made sense. (easier said than done!)
My question is whether similar rules and guidelines do exist in the english Language for writing a passable poem.
I wouldn't go into the finer points of defining the artistic merit of expressing thoughts, Id say that if you got taught in school rules about rhyme, syllable counting and rhythm, then yes there are and i'd be curious to see an example, to compare vs. the Spanish rules.
I did research around the web, but it seems essays are way more popular than poems throughout the english speaking world.
The kind of rules that I'm talking about go something like this:
- 3 verse stanzas, first and third verses must strongly rhyme.
- 4 verse stanzas, must alternate rhime
- 3 verse stanzas, start witha short verse, and 2 long verses (at least 2-4 syllables longer, depending on the lenght of the first verse.
- 4 verse stanzas should all have the same measure
- 4 verse stanzas may also alternate lenght but no more than 1 syllable difference
- Acute words ending a verse add +1 to your syllable count
- Verses ending wth a word words having its accent on the next-to last syllable substract -1 to the syllable count.
As an example these are the "metrics" for a fragment of Ruben Dario's "A margarita Debayle, Nicaragua (1909) (great rythm, and super regular 4-4 stanzas, I added strong rhyme pairs and syllable count:
... Rhyme pairs Syllable ct Una tarde, la princesa A 8 vio una estrella aparecer; B 7+1 la princesa era traviesa A 8 y la quiso ir a coger. B 7+1 La quería para hacerla A 8 decorar un prendedor, B 7+1 con un verso y una perla A 8 y una pluma y una flor. B 7+1