An event, be it historical or cultural, is often expressed by the time period in which it occurred, or is reminiscent of.
For instance, British speakers will use the term Dickensian for people, events or situations that remind them of the novels of Charles Dickens set in the Victorian era.
The photograph from the past is the proud possession of Mrs Vivienne Smith of Mitchell Street, Colne, whose husband, James, is the most enterprising character, being, in both business and pleasure, a true Dickensian personality (source)
In a world where microwaves, televisions and even fast wi-fi connections are deemed basic household necessities, it is hard to believe these images of Glasgow slums are less than 50 years old. Families living in one room without running water and electricity but surrounded by damp and vermin might sound Dickensian. Yet it was reality for many living in the city’s squalid tenements in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
From UK Reuters, written in 2009, we have the following
UK children still living in "Dickensian" poverty
Some British children are living in such poverty that their lives mirror the suffering of those in the "times of Dickens," a teachers' union leader says
Supposing, for instance, I wanted to write about abject poverty today in the US and compare it to the Great Depression period, which American author would evoke the same imagery and connotations as Dickens? In other words, which appropriate American author's name could I use as an adjective?