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This is perhaps a true definition of self-confidence: the ability to look at the world without the need to look for instances that pleases your ego.

Hello, I came across this sentence and wondered what "that" indicated in the text above. At first I thought the relative pronoun "that" indicated "instances." But due to the verb "pleases," i think "that" might indicate "the need," because of the verb "pleases."

If so, the sentence above means: without the need which(=the need) pleases your ego.

But for me, it doesn't make sense.

Could anyone help me? The original sentence in a part of the article below.

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/science-choice/201504/what-is-confirmation-bias

  • It is not a relative pronoun but a meaningless clause subordinator whose function is simply to introduce the relative clause "that please your ego". – BillJ Apr 11 '17 at 7:20
  • This would be better asked at English Language Learners – Gary Apr 11 '17 at 7:26
  • "Pleases" seems to me to be an error in this sentence. I agree that the sentence doesn't make sense unless it is replaced with "please." – sumelic Apr 11 '17 at 13:22
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From the grammatical point of view, it seems that the article is not a well-written one. The following sentences are from the same article and I do not think they are all grammatical except may be the last two sentences which can be interpreted as example of the ellipsis. So, the OP's sentence should have been: "...instances that please your ego."

  • "Self-deception can be like a drug, numbing you from harsh reality, or turning a blind eye to the tough matter for gathering evidence and thinking."
  • "There is a limited evidence that believing that you will recover help reduce the level of stress hormones..."
  • "Disconfirmation would require look for evidence to disprove it."
  • "The take home lesson here is that set your hypothesis and look for instances to prove that you are wrong."
  • Though true, this doesn't answer the OP's question in any way. – Araucaria Apr 11 '17 at 7:56
  • What do you think the OP's question is and what do you understand from my words: So, the OP's sentence should have been: "...instances that please your ego."? – mahmud koya Apr 11 '17 at 8:47
  • I think the OP's question is "What does “that” mean in this sentence?". I understand from your sentence that please shouldn't have a third person S. This doesn't answer the OP's question, it seems to me. – Araucaria Apr 11 '17 at 9:03
  • Yes, the OP has this idea and his own explanations show that. Citing other example sentences of carelessness from the same article where the OP's sentence comes from, I have pointed out that it's a grammatical error which may have occurred accidentally. – mahmud koya Apr 11 '17 at 9:25
  • Whether it's please or pleases doesn't make any difference to the answer to the OP's question though. – Araucaria Apr 11 '17 at 9:32

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