From this article: "We generally view the machine/human divide as a one-way street of advancing technology. Machines, we are repeatedly told, are becoming more human-like—but humans are also becoming more botifed."


Even though it is not a word, I would have expected 'botified', but 'botifed' feels totally unusual.

  • 3
    It looks like a typo to me, probably not caught because botified isn't a standard word, either (and so not in any spell checker).
    – 1006a
    Commented Apr 6, 2017 at 18:07
  • 2
    He uses the word "botifed" twice in the article, so not sure if that's a typo.
    – Relango
    Commented Apr 6, 2017 at 18:09
  • 6
    Google Books claims only 62 instances of robotified, against 308 of my preferred roboticised. (Both swamped by 2280 instances of AmE roboticized, obviously! :) Commented Apr 6, 2017 at 18:18
  • 1
    Maybe he means people are being fed by robots.
    – Hot Licks
    Commented Apr 6, 2017 at 19:04
  • 1
    Actually, is bot a robot, or is it a mini program with a single function? Humans may become more mechanical or robotic without becoming more botic. Commented Apr 6, 2017 at 19:06

2 Answers 2


As others have said in the comments, the two instances of "botifed" that you observed are certainly a typo for "botified." The spelling "botified" is in fact also used twice in the article.

The suffix "-ify" /ɪfaɪ/ (which turns into "-ified" /ɪfaɪd/ when you add "-ed") is a somewhat productive, if informal, way of turning monosyllabic nouns into verbs with a meaning something like "to make into [the noun]". "Humans are also becoming more botified" means something like "Humans are becoming more like robots".

Some suffixes, such as -er, cause a single consonant letter to double after a stressed "short" vowel, but there isn't an established consonant-doubling rule for words suffixed with -ify. The spelling botify is reasonably regular; other comparable examples are the brand name Spotify (as Janus Bahs Jacquet mentioned in a comment), gasify (which seems to be a much more common spelling of this word than "gassify"), manify (which actually has an OED entry!), and slugify (which seems to be used as programming jargon).

Spontaneously created -ify words are sometimes written with a hyphen before the suffix and quotation marks around the word.


I would use "robotic" rather than "botified", as it is a proper English adjective.

  • 2
    Hello, George. This is a 'comment' rather than an 'answer' on ELU. Commented Apr 6, 2017 at 18:55
  • 1
    "Cybernetic" might be a better word choice, but it is unclear to me if this word as used in pop-culture conforms to the strict definition(s) of "cybernetic." Certainly a cyborg is accepted as a machine-augmentation to a biological organism.
    – Yorik
    Commented Apr 6, 2017 at 20:19
  • The phrasing suggests that this is speaking to traits and behavior, rather than the presence or absence of components. The term "cybernetic" doesn't really convey much other than "machine-augmented biological", but "robotic" definitely could describe behavior. Commented Apr 7, 2017 at 16:47

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.