In this sentence, does critical thinking modify questions or does just thinking modify questions?

I answered the critical thinking questions.

  • Both words work together to modify 'questions.' Those questions are the ones in the test's section call Critical Thinking. Treat that title as a unit. Apr 4, 2017 at 20:37

2 Answers 2


If critical thinking, as a phrase, is a modifier of questions, it is best hyphenated for clarity: I answered the critical-thinking questions. See Grammar Girl's article about compound modifiers.

As your example stands, one can not know for sure what the author means without context.

  • I upvoted for the suggestion to hyphenate (with the link, elaborating why). I would add, though, that the sentence is fine as it is if there IS context, and I'd assume anywhere it appeared there would be context. "how did you do on the test?" (a person asking that question would likely be familiar with the test format ... and if the speaker did not think the questioner was familiar they'd probably add in more description still about "sections" and "others" etc.
    – Tom22
    Apr 5, 2017 at 1:12

It's ambiguous. It can either mean

I answered the critical questions about thinking.

in which case critical and thinking each modify questions independently.

Or it can mean

I answered the questions about critical thinking.

in which case critical modifies thinking, and the noun phrase critical thinking modifies questions.

When speaking, you can disambiguate by inflection. In other cases, context will often solve it -- if you're referring to a test, and it has a section titled "Critical Thinking", it presumably means the second interpretation.

And without context, my intuitition is the second interpretation as well, simply because it seems to be a more likely meaning. Critical thinking is something we test people on, not just thinking, and it's unusual for some questions to be critical while others aren't.

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