I am doing a research paper on Kievan Rus' (note the apostrophe) a political state of the 10th century. How would I format punctuation with this nation's name?

Option 1 (period outside apostrophe):

Olaf I was raised in Kievan Rus'.

Option 2 (period inside apostrophe):

Olaf I was raised in Kievan Rus.'

  • 3
    @mahmud koya: In this case, the apostrophe doesn't stand for any missing letters. It stands for the last character in Рѹ́сь, the soft sign, which is commonly transliterated by an apostrophe. See Wikipedia. – Peter Shor Mar 26 '17 at 13:29
  • Also, I think it's normally the Kievan Rus'. – tmgr Jan 18 '19 at 11:12
  • A period never comes before an apostrophe. Like, ever. What is this question. – RegDwigнt Jan 18 '19 at 11:16

While (depending on how you are typesetting your paper) the character may be encoded the same way as an apostrophe, it is not functionally an apostrophe at all, so I would definitely put the period after.

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