The word "government" is a countable noun when it refers to the organization or the group of people that govern a country. But it can also be an uncountable noun when it means a form or system of government as in "The country returned to democratic government."
Now, here's a quote from a book.
The combination of these two trends ... produces an incredible concentration of power in the hands of government and large corporations.
I would have expected to see "in the hands of governments and large corporations" or "in the hands of the government and large corporations. A definite article before "government" because in my understanding, the word "government" here refers to the political organization rather than the process of governing or some form of government.
What does the term "government" mean in the quote above? Does the lack of a definite article have something to do with the parallel structure (as in "between father and son")?