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The word prefix means a fragment that is attached to the beginning of a word, modifying it's meaning. Similarly, the word prerequisite is a requisite that is needed before the subject of the prerequisite. Is there a word that means "an action that modifies another action and takes place before said action"? Or simply, "an action that you do before (another action)"? For instance:

 Picking up a spoon is a (pre-action) of eating soup.

Where pre-action would be a substitute for the word I'm looking for.

(Bonus if there is a similar word paralleling 'suffix' meaning 'to take an action after (another action)'.)

  • How about Picking up a spoon is preparatory to eating soup? – deadrat Mar 17 '17 at 22:33
  • @deadrat I thought about that but it feels more appropriate to say 'picking up a spoon is a preparatory action to eating soup'. I'm not sure this is the best example, honestly, because ideally the word indicates that the pre-action modifies the action, like a prefix modifies a word. And, I really would like a single word. – Nathaniel Ford Mar 17 '17 at 22:37
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    Antecedent has some of the qualities you're looking for. – Lawrence Mar 17 '17 at 22:41
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    Do you need a noun? Otherwise, you might say, "Picking up a spoon precedes eating soup". – Lawrence Mar 17 '17 at 22:43
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    It's a preliminary step or action, or just a preliminary. – Drew Mar 17 '17 at 23:10
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I believe you are looking for

precursor

Although commonly used of a thing (the harpsichord is a precursor to the piano) it can also refer to actions or events.

  • Reason for downvote? – DJClayworth Mar 18 '17 at 3:18

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