Is there an order in which sentences with the adjective "rife" should be constructed? For example, searching for "rife" in Google gives the following example under the definition:

"male chauvinism was rife in medicine" Google

Can the sentence be turned around to the following form?

"Medicine was rife with male chauvinism"

Are the two meanings equivalent? Are they exactly the same? Is one favoured over the other?

In general, are "x is rife with y" and "y is rife in x" equivalent and both correct? [If only one question is allowed, then this last one if key.]


Both usages are correct, note that rife is often used to refer to something, bad, unpleasant. Rife with is more idiomatic.

Rife means “abundant” or “prevalent.” Rife can follow the word it’s describing, as in “corruption was rife during his administration.” More commonly, however, rife comes before the word it modifies, accompanied by the preposition with, as in “the class was rife with yawns” or “her story was rife with inconsistencies.”


Rife :

if something bad or unpleasant is rife in a place, it is very common there. (synonym widespread)

  • It is a country where corruption is rife.
  • Rumours are rife that he is going to resign.

rife (with something) full of something bad or unpleasant

  • Los Angeles is rife with gossip about the stars' private lives.


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