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I found this https://english.stackexchange.com/a/376027/223821 answered by @YosefBaskin. Can anyone please tell me theory from book suitable with his explanation? Especially, about the predicate noun and predicate adjective in relation to verb phrase.

Next question is which one is the head if the verb phrase consists of predicate noun or predicate adjective?

Thank you, everyone. :)

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  • YB makes a number of unsurprising points in his answer. Which ones are you concerned about. The head of an X-phrase will be an X. So the head of verb phrase will be a verb.
    – deadrat
    Commented Mar 7, 2017 at 6:33
  • @deadrat So then, the X (head) could be the auxiliary verb "be" (ex: am, is, are)?
    – user223821
    Commented Mar 7, 2017 at 7:08
  • Sure. In the sentence I am very happy, the subject is the noun phrase consisting of the pronoun I (which is necessarily its head), and the predicate is the verb phrase am very happy, with head am.
    – deadrat
    Commented Mar 7, 2017 at 8:06
  • @deadrat Thank you.. Sorry, but do you have/know any references for book in relation to that explanation?
    – user223821
    Commented Mar 7, 2017 at 8:22
  • It is standard grammar. Predicate nouns/adjectives are predicative complements of the verb. They refer to the subject ("Ed is a teacher/kind") or the object ("I consider Ed a friend/kind").
    – BillJ
    Commented Mar 7, 2017 at 9:07

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