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I use past tense to report the results, but not sure if past tense is appropriate when it comes to the description of the survey itself, example below:

"The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) was used to evaluate the severity of general psychiatric morbidity.The total scores range from 0 to 12. The internal consistency of the GHQ-12 in the present study was .85. Questionnaires for health outcomes included two items, one is designed for collecting the information whether the participants had chronic diseases, it was ranked in 4 levels (1 = 0 -2 times, 2 = 3 - 5 times, 3 = 6-9 times, 4 = equal or greater than 10 times). "

  • Create some consistency. At the moment, you jump back and forth between past to present. – Yosef Baskin Feb 23 '17 at 17:13
  • I've always seen the past tense – etymologynerd.com Feb 24 '17 at 1:39
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Whether the past or the present Tense, consistency is important. The study has already been over and now the reported is prepared and presented. I believe the present perfect and simple present tenses will do.

"The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) has been used to evaluate the severity of general psychiatric morbidity.The total scores range from 0 to 12. The internal consistency of the GHQ-12 in the present study is .85. Questionnaires for health outcomes include two items, one is designed for collecting the information whether the participants have chronic diseases, it is ranked in 4 levels (1 = 0 -2 times, 2 = 3 - 5 times, 3 = 6-9 times, 4 = equal or greater than 10 times). "

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